Speech therapy

Speech therapy is a specialized science in the health sector that deals with speech, speaking, communication and swallowing disorders in the adult and pediatric population.

What do we call Speech Disorders?

Disorders in the expression or comprehension of spoken and / or written words. In this case, the patient has difficulty in naming objects or cards or in recognizing written or spoken words. Also, disorders may occur in the execution of simple orders, in the ability of acoustic identification of images or objects, in associative naming, in categorization. Functional disorders in memory, in arithmetic processing or in other cognitive functions such as disorders in the writing of sentences may coexist. Finally, there are learning background disorders, with regards to phonological awareness (acoustic perception – analysis – distinction – synthesis), writing, reading and narration.

What do we call Speaking Disorders?

Speaking is the audio configuration of speech. It presents with disorders in its subsystems, such as in articulation (difficulties of patients in various phonemes), the patient’s perceptiveness in terms of words, sentences and discussion. It is also possible to experience disorders in breathing, phonation, resonance or prosody, as well as flow of speech disorders.

What do we call Communication Disorders?

In the communication disorder, there is a lack of desire to communicate with others that is limited to meet only basic needs, there is a lack of understanding that speech is a tool that can transfer information to others. As well as the lack of understanding of the feelings, ideas of others, the understanding of facial expressions, the tone of the voice and the literal use of spoken words. It also includes the absence of symbolic play and the focus on things of minor significance in the surrounding area. There are disorders in social relations and there is especially a lack of social empathy, which means being able to understand one’s situation and get into his / her position. This also includes the lack of visual contact, the lack of social commenting and the difficulty in responding as a member of a group. It also includes “Stiffness/Rigidity” of thought, which includes reaction to change, obsessions, repetitive behaviors, pathological, mechanical repetition of words and / or sentences, reversal of pronouns, unexplained repetitive behavior (movements, words, gestures), poor imitation and poor learning from experience.